to ObjectType, ObjectName, OutputFormat, Output file, Autostart, Templatefile, encoding, ObjectType – acOutputTable(to output. To acOutputQuery, “YourQueryName”, acFormatXLS, Hence, we simply need to change the OutputFormat format variable to a. DoCmd OutputTo” crumb1=”Output To DoCmd” %> Leave the outputformat argument blank to select the output format at runtime.

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This Access tutorial explains how to use DoCmd. OutputTo Method and DoCmd.

TransferSpreadSheet Method to export different objects to specific file types, for docmd.otputto, export Query to xlsx. Access VBA auto generate mass report by group to Excel. Access Export all Queries to Excel.

You may also use DoCmd. TransferSpreadsheet Methodthe syntax is slightly different. TransferSpreadsheet Method has other functions other than exporting, such as import files and exporting to an Excel template. In terms of exporting Query to XLSX, Transferspreadsheet is quicker and the file size is smaller because it does not contain any Docmd.out;utto formatting, and error handling is different as well.

Some Access formats cannot be perfectly supported, and an error pops up when users try to open the exported workbook, and users have to save the file as a new one for auto repair. To docmf.outputto around this issue, you can export as XLS format instead.


Do any of these export type commands let me export to an excel template file? I have an excel template with a custom ribbon with buttons for preset sorts and filters. However, all of these assume creation of a new file. So then I tried to insert a text file into the excel file which worked until I execute a SaveAs and my ribbon disappears again. Jan, I have kutputformat updated another thread to include information how to export to excel template, see below http: I suggest you to add another code to open pdf after export.

Refer to my previous post http: Your email address will not be published.

vba – To Method: Excel format that opens for Access and – Stack Overflow

Docmd.outputto you have JavaScript disabled. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser.

Wyman is a Human Resources professional based in Hong Kong, specialized in business analysis, project management, data transformation with Access and Excel. He is also a: Hi, can I ask is it possible to select a webbrowser within a form?

DoCmd OutputTo in Microsoft Access

For example something like: Leave a Reply Cancel reply Social connect: Login Login with facebook. Login Login with twitter.

Type Ohtputformat to open the exported fileFalse to disable opening. The type of character encoding format you want used to output the text or HTML data. The type of output device to optimize for.

The default value is acExportQualityPrint.


Documents Similar To Paul Hindemith – The Craft of Musical Composition. Vincent Persichetti Twentieth Century Harmony. Uploaded by. Marco Tranchina. Originally published in the s, Paul Hindemith’s remakable textbooks are still the outstanding works of their kind. In contrast to many musical textbooks. To the Graduate Council: I am submitting herewith a thesis written by Melody Joy Bedell entitled “The Craft of Musical Composition. Applied to Hindemith’s.

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Read, highlight, and take notes, across web, tablet, and phone. Paul Hindemith was a German composer and conductor of great originality.

His career began with the study of the violin and the viola, and he held important positions in German ensembles before the Nazi era.

Under Hitler’s regime, Hindemith experienced difficulties, both artistically and politically. For example, he refused to cease ensemble playing with known Jews.

Joseph Goebbels, Hitler’s propaganda minister, accused Hindemith of cultural Bolshevism, and his music fell into official desuetude. Comopsition to compromise, Hindemith began accepting engagements abroad. During the late s, he emigrated to the United States, and in he became a U.

Hindemith’s musical style is uniquely his own. He sought in each piece to find the style, musical vocabulary, and thematic material most suitable for the intended use of the piece. He was immensely prolific and eclectic as a composer, writer, and teacher.

Account Options Sign in. In contrast to many musical textbooks written by academic musicians, these were produced by a man who could play every instrument of the orchestra, could compose a satisfying piece for My library Help Advanced Book Search.

The Craft of Musical Composition: Schott- Music – pages.

Originally published in the musixal, Paul Hindemith’s remakable textbooks are still the outstanding works of their kind. In contrast to many musical textbooks written by academic musicians, these were produced by a man who could compositon every instrument of the orchestra, could compose a satisfying piece for almost every kind of ensemble, and who was one of the most stimulating teachers of his day.

It is therefore not surprising that nearly forty years later these books should remain essential reading for the student and the professional musician. From inside the book.


Brewster Ghiselin (June 13, – June 11, ) was an American poet and academic. In , Ghiselin edited The Creative Process, a symposium of the writings of some thirty-eight men and women, including Katherine Anne Porter. The Creative Process: A Symposium, ed. Brewster Ghiselin. pp., Berkeley: University of California Press, $ J. P. Hodin Institute. LibraryThing Review. User Review – keylawk – LibraryThing. Material gathered for a symposium on the creative process. Articles by 38 “brilliant men and.

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Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving….

The Creative Process by Brewster Ghiselin – Paperback – University of California Press

Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. This unique anthology brings together material from 38 well-known writers, artists, and scientists who attempt to describe the process by which original ideas come to them. Paperbackpages. Reflections on the Invention in the Arts and Sciences. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

To ask other readers questions about The Creative Processplease sign up. See 1 question about The Creative Process…. Lists with This Book. Sep 13, Penny rated it really liked it Shelves: I only read certain sections of this book, but it was a broad sampling of mathematicians, scientist, musicians and poets. The common theme seems to be the now familiar idea that your brain is working on things even when you aren’t actively struggling with them.

In fact, the alternating pattern of work and “rest” appears to be necessary for creativity to happen. This may not be earth-shattering news to anyone today, but it isn’t always easy to actually put into practice ghiswlin things we know. Somehow I only read certain sections of this book, but it was a broad sampling of mathematicians, scientist, musicians and poets. Somehow, having Poincare, Einstein and Mozart tell you to take a brain break makes it easier to give yourself permission.

Since I’m reading this for an education class, I’m also thinking about how this applies to learning. We already know that time for “reflection” is important for learning, but somehow rbewster command to write a journal or blog entry that will be graded doesn’t seem quite the same as Mozart’s “travelling in a carriage, or walking after a good meal” for promoting reflection and creativity.

I wonder how we could reasonably build more true reflection time into the classroom for adult education as well as for kids. Feb 07, James M. I read this when it was creativve simply “The Creative Process.

The individual entries are all in the first person and are culled from historical sources for example, one entry is from a letter from Mozart and suffer from not having been initially composed with the goal of the book in mind.

However, the entries are I read this when it was entitled simply “The Creative Process. However, the entries are nevertheless fascinating, even though it’s clear that the creative process is often very idiosyncratic and not well understood even by the most gifted artists themselves.

Nov 05, Daniel Schulte rated it liked it. This was a really fun book to read about how people receive “inspiration” on their creative works. I was fascinated to read about the different ways that people approach solving the large problem of, “Create something new! That’s not what this book really claims, but I was surprised to see how many people spoke of their great ideas as “strokes of inspiration”.

Aug 10, Seth is currently reading it. The beginnings of an exploration of the idea of process. Not sure where this idea is leading. This book is a fascinating look at different artists, scientists, mathematicians, etc. Has not been updated in many years, so there are no entries from anyone who has been active only in the past few decades, but an excellent overview nonetheless.

Apr 26, Kasandra rated it really liked it. Has essays from people as varied as Crwative and Einstein on creativity and their creative process. Many quotable passages in the book, and valuable in terms of thinking about your own creative process. Will definitely refer to this one again and again, re-reading ghiaelin that have been dogeared and underlined!

Jan 09, Jessica rated it liked it.

Though I struggled through his introduction, I took a lot of ideas from it. The rest of the book covers artists Mozart, James, Wordsworth, Yeats, Miller, Nietzche, Lawrence and their thought on the creative process.


Brewster Ghiselin

Jan 06, Sara Bowling rated it it was amazing. This book bridged what I felt about the creative process and what I needed to begin to wonder about the CP.

A nice marriage of psychology and creativity, some of it is now outdated. It helped me in grad school, though, and demystified the curious notion of “creative madness.

The Creative Process: Reflections on Invention in the Arts and Sciences

Jun 16, Shayla rated it it was amazing Shelves: Very interesting insight into creative minds. Oct 12, Michael rated it really liked it. Read this for Lrocess Feb 13, Nathan rated it it was amazing.

It was hard work to read, but every few pages something would leap out and change your life. This book purports brewwster reveal insights into the creative process through essays and letters written by accomplished names in various professions. There are two approaches to compiling and presenting such work that I believe would succeed: To dive deep into the material, excising most of the text and focusing solely on the most illuminating currents of thought tthe regarding the creation of each author’s works.

This would result in a very brief book best suited toward devotional study of This book purports to reveal insights into the creative process through essays and letters written by accomplished names in various professions. This would result in a very brief book best suited toward devotional study of one attempting to spark his or her process creative work.

To climb high on the bluffs overlooking the body of each essay and thereby place it in context with its surroundings, i. This would result in a much longer tome, also best suited to be read piecemeal and reflected upon. Instead, the book stands ankle-deep on the muddy shore, dampening our soles and forcing us to bend and hunt ourselves for the points of illumination, or to scan the horizon behind us for further context. In most cases, the only context provided is the author’s name and the name of the source from which the essay was culled.

This doesn’t make the book useless; in some cases Stephen Spender’s “The Making of a Poem” in particular stands outthe author provides suitable context within his or her writing to make further sourcing or commentary unnecessary.

The lack of such is most conspicuous and egregious in those essays providing commentary on another work left largely or perhaps wholly unpresented Allen Tate’s “Narcissus on Narcissus” and Henry James’ “Preface to the Spoils of Poynton” proved largely unilluminating and almost completely unhelpful without further context.

In short, the book is a fine idea but uneven, at best, in execution. Jul 24, Prrocess rated it it was amazing. I cannot imagine a “writer” failing to brfwster something out of this book. Creayive a collection of essays and not all of them are about tye.

Some are about the visual arts! One pgocess a letter by Albert Einstein. Another, by Roger Sessions, is about ghiselkn composition. Even the art of sculpture is not forgotten. Most, however, are about writing as writing is believed to be and, in best cases, is a ‘creative’ enterprise.

Think of it as a Monet but with words. There are dabs and strokes both bfewster and there and up close they mean very little, but from a respectable distance, the whole will coalesce.

In procses single setting, Wolfe gives you “his” Paris. The only other “work” which does the same and as well is Gershwin’s “Rhapsody in Blue”. You won’t regret it. Feb 02, ash newton rated it liked it Shelves: Oct 15, R.

A rather uninspired assembly of how they did it essays. The s equivalent of project Gutenberg re-publishing old wine in new bottles. It does allow the reader, however, to pick up, read, and put down.

Oct 04, Whoof rated it really liked it. The subconscious is important. I think Henry Miller’s was my favorite. Dec 30, Satia rated it it was ok Shelves: For a book on creativity, this one left me remarkably uninspired. Dec 15, Kate Catanese rated it it was amazing. Wyntrnoire rated it it was amazing Nov 24, Anna rated it did not like it Brewtser 07, Hugo Milian-Smith rated it really liked it Apr 24, John Thomas rated it really liked it Sep 27, Taylor rated it really liked it Nov 02, Nick rated gyiselin really liked it Mar 29, Keili rated it it was ok Sep 27, Stephen Holland rated it really liked it Feb 20,


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There seems to be a problem serving the request at this time. Skip to main content. Shop by Number of Channels. All Auction Buy It Now. Guaranteed 3 day delivery. This eoan provides the owner with the capability of playing any of six audio sources in any of up to six rooms of the home.

Inherited an elan system – needing info – AVS Forum | Home Theater Discussions And Reviews

It also allows each zone to play any of six music sources independently of any other zone in the home. The component has line output jacks to feed external amplifiers, as well as built in amplification so it can drive six pairs of speakers. The S6 has been bench tested to confirm that all inputs and speaker outputs work. Used 16 channel amplifier that was pulled from an existing, working system.

Nice fully working unit. Has a couple of nicks on it see photos. Rack mounted, Sold as seen in photos. Elan D12 amplifier in very clean pre-owned condition.

Face is super clean with only minor blemishes on the top of the unit. Screen has no burn marks or scratches. Tested and working condition.

Elan Z Series Z-300 Brochure & Specs

Gone through by a retired Mcintosh tech. Tested to be in perfect working condition. There is moderate exterior wear, including scratches and scuffs. For sale is an ELAN digital power amplifier. It is the 12 channel model. Has been tested only to power on. No further testing has been done. Comes with power cord only. Elan Z Series Power Amplifier.

We do our best to describe everything. Guaranteed by Fri, Jan 4. Let us know if you need anything. Guaranteed by Mon, Jan 7. We have tested this item s and item s is in working used condition. Three parallel gain blocks per channel provide high-current drive for high-impact bass performance. My parents used this amp for several years and it works great.

The only problem is the ground post on the plug broke off. For that reason I am selling it as is. If you elna any questions please don’t hesitate to ask. We cater to music enthusiasts and audiophiles, and we love what we do. We design audio systems for all budgets, from entry-level to high-end. Six channel power amplifier for distributed audio. You can power three rooms with stereo in-wall or in-ceiling speakers. We include a power cord but no other accessories.

Z power amplifier. Powers on red light. Any other accessories, including manual, connectors, adaptors, etc. Experience super-powered sound, with the Elan Z This Elan power amplifier is ideally for a high-fidelity system, and will add extra boom to the sound coming out of your system.

This Elan power amplifier is equipped with a Bus Mode switch which makes it possible to connect one input to three amplified outputs, and a Bridge Mode button for mixing bridge and un-bridged channels.

This Elan touch screen is in great condition and is working as intended. One Elan touchscreen as pictured. Not set up for rack mount. Has a few nicks and scratches, but overall great condition. The last two digits in our item title are simply a personal inventory number.

Panels, or IR Receivers located in as many as six separate zones. RJ jacks on the back of the unit make connectivity practically plug n’ play. We majual not know the full history of each item. This rlan a used item and will have signs of use. Powers on red light, Fans spin. All inputs and outputs are operational and all produce clear sound. There are scuffs and scratches on the top and sides of the casings.

The faces on both are pretty clean.

new to me ELAN Z poweramp | Audiokarma Home Audio Stereo Discussion Forums

In perfect working condition. Looks great and works perfect. The remote is not included. Got one to sell? You May Also Like. Elan Z 6 Channel Power Amplifier.

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Trente Etudes pour Timbales (Thirty Etudes for Timpani) Book 3 by Jacques Delecluse | Timpani Book

Trente Etudes pour Timbales Thirty Etudes for Timpani Book 3 by Jacques Delecluse contains the final 10 timpani etudes eelecluse the series, written to help solve particular technical problems on the instrument. Students should have a firm grasp on reading rhythms before playing these studies. Book ethde is meant to be a culmination of the skills learned in Books 1 and 2, with the added challenges of slightly more complicated music, cross-stickings, and pedaling on two drums at the same time.

Some notes have empty circles written above them, and some have filled circles.

This is not explained in the book. Thanks for your understanding. Every single order that goes out the door has a tracking number that will be emailed to you, and all of xelecluse is completely insured. Everything is carefully packed by hand – we know just how delicate this stuff can be, and how important it is to you.

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Please select a value for each option before adding it to your wishlist. Unlike the previous two entries, Book 3 does not include exercises before each etude. Official Return Policy Shipping Every single order that goes out the door has a tracking number that will etde emailed to you, and all of it is completely insured.

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Page load depends on your network speed. Thank you for your patience. You may also report the error. I am fortunate in belonging to the parampara of Upanishad Brahmacommentator of the Hundred and eight Upanishads published in seven volumes by the Adyar Library, Madras.

The author in the beginning of the work refers to Kamakshi as having blessed his Parameshthiguru with prasada in which milk and ghee were found in abundance and which was cherished by the celestials. I had also an opportunity of going through Muka – panchasatia hymn in five hundred verses in praise of Devi Kamakshi or Kamakoti by Sri Mukakavithe dumb poet.

From this it occurred to me that Sri Mukakavi while writing this verse had before him the inseparable connection between Sri Kamakshi and the Advaita philosophy of Sri Sankara which is the quintessence of the Vedas, i. The Kamakshi temple at Kanchi contains a life-size stone image of Sri Sankara with his disciples, four of whom are ekadanda – sannyasis.

Besides this there are also sculptures of Sri Sankara in various postures in the Utsava – Kamakshi and Bangaru – Kamakshi sannidhies in the amanya. There is a sculpture in the hundred and eight pillared mandapa at Sri Varadarajasvami temple at Kanchi which depicts a defiant and arrogant brahmin pandit with sikha and yajnopavita and a young sannyasi with ekadanda in front of him, the latter in a rather calm mood.

The Sankaravijayas say that after Sri Sankara wrote his bhashya on the Brahma stltram sutra Sri Vyasain order to proclaim the correctness of the bhashya on these sutras, came in the guise of a brahmin controversialist and challenged Sri Sankara on his interpretation of the Brahma – sutrasin the course of which he Vyasa sgotram to arguments, not straight-forward and honest. Sri Padmapada then exclaimed: When these two are engaged in disputation, what can I a servant do?

The stotra mentioned above of an sfotram brahmin pandit with a young sannyasi in front of him, I surmise, depicts the above incident. In the Varadarajasvami temple itself there is another sculpture on a pillar in the mandapa to the north of the Tayar Sannidhishowing an aged rishi with jatarudraksha and yajnopavita in the sitting posture, showing one finger and an ekadanda sannyasi in the posture of performing dandavandanam.

This raising of one finger in the image of the rishi is very significant as against the raising of two fingers in the image of the dualist teachers. The figure with jataetc. There is a Siva temple in Kanchi called Vyasa Srantasraya.

According to the kanchi – mahatmyaSri Vyasa is said to have performed special worship at this temple. On the upper structure of the main shrine of this temple there are two stucco figures, one standing and the other sitting, depicting some relevant puranic aspects in connection with that temple. There is similarity between Sri Vyasamurti in this shrine and the one in the Varadaraja temple. There is yet another temple stotam Kanchi called Airavatisvara temple belonging to the Pallava period wherein we find in a niche in a wall Sri Vyasa.

Near it is an ekadanda – sannyasi – murti with a sttram head. The figure represents early boyhood. Although the head of the sannyasi – murti is shaven, the sprouts of hair as seen in this sculpture depict the stage of an elapse of about a month after the actual shaving.

But there are no hair sprouts on the chin. This difference is probably intended to show that the figure is that of a sannyasi in his early teens and we may take it amnayq granted that it is the figure of Sri Sankarathe bhashyakaraseated near Sri Vyasathe sutrakara of Vedanta.

If the date of Sri Stotrm according to recent writer, i. D may be accepted, this sculpture should belong to the actual life-time of Sri Anmayathe later Pallava stoyram.

Sivaramamoorti, Director, National Museum, New Delhi, who personally discovered this sculpture is of this opinion. There are many other temples, both Vaishnavite and Saivitein Kanchi which contain on their walls and pillars sculptures of ekadanda sannyasis in various postures, like yogasamadhitapaspujaetc. This press also published a small booklet containing the Jagadguru – paramparastotra and the Mathamnaya.

Neither of these contained any reference to Sri Kamakshi. I then looked into Madhaviya – sankaravijaya which is regarded by most people as a stogram biography of Sri Sankara. There is no reference to the name of Sri Kamakshi in that work either. But there are two verses in sarga 15 of that work from which we may infer a reference to Sri Kamakshi.

The verse in Saundaryalahari ——. Here the reference is to the konahs angles of Sri Chakra which is said to be the seat of Para – vidya. I then came across a small booklet Yati – sandhya in Devanagari script published sttoram the Dvaraka – pitha in the year Vikrama Saka I also fortunately had access to some other books, namely 1 Sankaracharya – jagadguru – mathamnayapublished by Pandit Yogendra Ashtavadhana Sarma and printed by B.

Mishra at the Balabhadra Press, Puri, in2 Un – published Upanishadsprinted and published by the Adyar Library in the year and 3 Sankara – granthavali in Bengali script published by Rajendranath Ghosh.

These Amnayas give information about the various Sankaraite institutions for the Western, Northern, Eastern, Southern and other super-regions Urdhvamnayaetc. A study of the Amnayas contained in the works mentioned above as well as those found in other libraries reveals certain features which arrest attention.

The Amnaya for each region deals among others amnayq the kshetradevatadevi sakti and acharya of each Amnaya. The devi sakti of the Southern region Amnaya is mentioned as Kamakshi in amnzya the Mathamnaya editions and manuscripts mentioned above; but in the Amnaya published in the Vani Vilas Press, Srirangam, the sakti of Sringeri is mentioned as Sarada. It may be mentioned here that Sarada is the sakti of Brahma and the sister of Siva cf. Chandramaulisvara – Kamakshi is the sakti Sivasakti of Paramesvara.

In the Lalita – ashtottara she is described as Kamakoti – mahapadma – pithastha. A perusal of the Lalita – sahasranama and the Lalita – trisati will show that Sarada is completely different from Kamakshi or Kamakoti. The revised and enlarged edition of the book, The Greatness of Sringeri, says that Sri Sankara established the four mathas in the four directions and the bookKumbakona Mutt also says that Sri Sankara established in the four corners of India four mathas of apostolic succession.

Further, the work entitled Throne of Transcendental Wisdom says that Sri Sankara established four mathas in the cardinal points of the country. But as a matter of fact we find that only the institutions for the Northern, Western and the Eastern regions are situated in the respective corners of India.

Amnaya Stotram | Sangeetha Music

The institution for the Southern region should have been at Ramesvaram or Kanyakumari which is the corner or cardinal point in the South. But according to the work, The Greatness of Sringerimentioned already, the institution in the South is at Sringeriwhich, in fact, is stktram in the North-West portion of South India. They are in the centre of the country. The institution should have been either at Ramesvaram or Kanyakumari. I then found that in all the Amnayas stotrram above, the Amnayasthanas kshetra are unanimously described as being in the four corners chardhams amhaya, Dvaraka in the West, Badari in the North, Puri Jagannath in the East and Ramesvaram in the South.

It then occurred to me that Sri Bhagavatpada might have originally intended to establish the Amnaya institutions in the four directions in the four places generally known as chardhamsi.

But now we see that there is a Sankaraite institution on the banks of the Tungabhadra Sringeri in the Amaya of the Southern region. There is also a Sankaraite institution further south in Stotrak.

The pithasakti of the institution on stoyram banks of the Tungabhadra in Saradawhereas the sakti of the institution at Kanchi is Kamakshi or Kamakoti. How is it that there are two Sankaraite institutions in Southern India, one in the North-Western portion and the other further south at Kanchi?

Another doubt also confronted me on an additional point. But the present popular Sringeri also bearing the same epithet is not on the banks of the Tungabhadra but is on the banks of the Tunga.

How to account for this discrepancy? Enquiries made from the people of Mysore revealed the existence of a tradition that Sri Sarada Sarasavani after the defeat of Mandanamisra decided to ascend to Brahmaloka when Sri Sankara bound her by Vanadurga – mantra and beseeched her to follow him till he installed her sakti in this loka itself for bestowing her grace on aspirants for knowledge. She agreed to follow sttotram on condition that he did not look back while she was following him.

Not hearing the sound of the anklets, Sri Sankara looked back. Sri Sarada then reminded him of his promise not to look back and said that she would not proceed any further amaya would stay at that place itself. Sri Sankara agreed and installed the sakti there itself.

Consecrating the same in the amaya and made arrangements for an institution there with a line of succession for her worship. This tradition is also mentioned in some form or other by many authors in their works. Thus an accidental event led to the establishment of an institution on the banks of the Tungabhadra with the sannidhya of Sarasvani as Saradaa fifth name apart from the four saktisBhadrakaliPurnagiriVimala and Kamakshi as enumerated in the Dvaraka Puri and other Amnaya texts.

The Kanchi institution is in Kanchipuramthe seat of Sri Kamakshi and the Southern-most mokshapuri. Among the many details in the Amnaya relating amanya the institution of Sri Sankarathe kshetra and the devi – pitha i. For instance, in the Uttaramnaya the kshetra is mentioned as Badrinath and the devi as Purnagiri.

Tirthankathe Annual number of Kalyan of Gorakhpur, at page 53 gives the information that the hill Purnagiri is revered as the devi in her splendor and is situated on the banks of the river Sarada near the borders of Nepal. The deviPurnagiriin the form of a hill and the kshetraBadrinathmake one Amnaya institution. In the same way, the kshetraRamesvaram one of the chardhams and the deviKamakshi at Kanchithe mokshapuri make one Amnaya institution. Kanchi is not only the centre of Dakshinamnaya by being the seat of Sri Kamakshithe Stotgam – saktiit is also the central point of the earth according to the works, Kanchi – mahatmyaKamakshivilasa and Merutantra.

Besides the variations as regards the kshetra and sakti of the Southern region, there are amnaa some other variations between the Vani Vilas edition of the Mathamnaya and the other Mathamnayas mentioned already.

In the Vani Vilas edition the name of the acharya is given as Suresvara ; but in the DvarakaPuri and other MathamnayasPrithvidhara is mentioned as the acharya of the institution on the banks of the Tungabhadra.

Sri Suresvara Mandanamisra being the husband of Sarada Sarasavani in his purvasramait would not have been proper to appoint Suresvara in that institution for the worship of Sarada Sarasavanihis wife in his purvasrama.

Bombay Sisters – Amnaya Stotram – Listen on Deezer

It was but apt that Prithvidhara was placed in charge of the institution of that place as mentioned in the DvarakaPuri and other Mathamnayas. Sotram seems to be the reason for the difference in the names of the sakti and the acharya in the Southern region.

As already mentioned, there is a Sankaraite institution at Kanchithe seat of Kamakshithe sakti of the Southern region. How did it come into existence?

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Besides the saktithe kshetraand the acharyaeach region has its own devata. The devata of the Northern and the Eastern regions are respectively Badrinath amnayaa Jagannath and that of the Western region is Siddhesvara. The devata of the Southern region, according to the Mathamnayas mentioned above, is Adivaraha.

It may be noted here that Adivaraha is the Perumal of Tirukkalvanurstotraam of the hundred and eight divya – desas of the Vaishnavitessung by the Vaishnavite Alvars. About Tirukkalvanurthe Etotram says at page There is at present a figure of Vishnu hiding himself in a niche of Sri Kamakshi temple outside the southern wall of the sanctum sanctorum.

The Kanchimahatmya and the Kamakshivilasa give in full detail the story of this hiding of Vishnu. As originally intended, Sri Acharya stayed at Kanchione of the seven mokshapuris of Bharatavarsha and also the seat of Kamakshi and Adivarahathe sakti and devata of the Southern region.

Kanchi became more important because Sri Sankaracharya himself stayed there. The Kanchimahatmya and the Kamakshivilasa already mentioned, refer to Kanchi as the nabhi navel or kanchi girdle of Mother Earth. Thus we see that Kanchi is not only the seat of the sakti and devata of the Southern region but also is the centre of Mother Earth. Sri Acharyatherefore, adopted the Kamakoti – pitha at Kanchi as his pitha and stotra Suresvara to occupy the pitha after amnsya.


Poem Analysis: In Detention – Chris Van Wyk. In Detention. by Chris Van Wyk. Analysis by Lelethu Yeki. He fell from the ninth floor. He hanged. IN DETENTION. CHRIS VAN WYK ( -) Van Wyk published a volume of poetry,. He employs In Detention (title): During the Apartheid. Era, police. Christopher van Wyk: farewell to a South African literary icon shot to fame through his widely anthologised poem In Detention, which satirised the Chris Van Wyk is survived by his wife and childhood sweetheart Kathy, and.

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People could be locked away almost permanently without access to law-courts to prove their innocence. Prisoners who vna regarded as politically dangerous often met with a savage death while in detention.

The excuses given were usually the same: Opponents of the regime knew that these excuses were merely lies.

Christopher van Wyk

In this very simple poem, Chris van Wyk examines these excuses with some sarcastic humour. Chris Van Wyk vaj born in Soweto and lived his early years in Newclare before moving to Riverlea, a poorer suburb of Johannesburg. He was also editor of Staffrider and started the short-lived Wietie magazine with fellow poet, Fhazel Johennesse. Van Wyk showed signs of wanting to be a writer as early as five years of age — and since then, he says, he has had a love affair with words.

He credits much of his success in storytelling to his love of “skinder” gossip. He listened to all the gossip between his mother and her friends, and this found its way into the many stories which he thereupon wrote. vaan

Christopher van Wyk – Wikipedia

These include not behaving like a quiet little mouse but rather making noises, “like drinking a glass of water” or singing bits from pop songs or calling to the dog outside, or doing something like reading or writing while you are also preoccupied in listening.

But above all, he says, don’t give yourself away by laughing at a joke that you have overheard. Van Wyk has written over 20 books, including poetry collections and children’s stories. This was to win him the prestigious Olive Schreiner Prize the following year. He would win other awards for his novels and short stories, including the Maskew Miller Longman Award for Black Children’s Literature in and the Sanlam Literary Award for the best short story of Unlike many South African writers who wrote “as a weapon against apartheid”van Wyk preferred to use humour as his primary weapon.

He married his childhood sweetheart, Kathy, and they’ve reared their two sons in Riverlea where he has lived most of his life. One could conclude that the poet is being sarcastic, sarcasm being a biting, bitter form of humour. On the other hand, the poet has achieved his end simply by taking the three most common reasons given for the deaths in detention and has played around with them, mixing each with the other.

The result is a compendium of idiotic excuses which becomes the vehicle reflecting the stupidity of these excuses that were indeed genuinely made. He has then merely listed them.

There is, however, a danger in this because it limits readership to those who are already convinced. Humour, on the other hand, opens up a totally new market, even of those who might be otherwise biassed — people such as the politicians and even the security men themselves. Such people, by being brought to laughter, might also have been convinced of the seriousness of their crimes. The windows were barred. How then would a prisoner in handcuffs — and possibly leg-irons — manage to climb through a barred window and fall to his death?

In the actual cases, it was suspected that the prisoners were thrown to their deaths by the security police themselves.

However, this was a very common excuse given for deaths in detention. It was therefore obviously a lie.

Death by hanging was therefore a very complicated, difficult and painful process of twisting one’s clothes around one’s neck. It was therefore a most painful way of suicide and so, once again, would only have happened very occasionally, not as often as the pronounced excuses made it seem. The cchris has succeeded in taking a very sordid topic — the death of hundreds of innocent people while in detention — and has turned it into a light-hearted, humourous poem.

The poet has in fact taken a series of statements from the prison authorities themselves announcing the deaths. Each therefore begins on a separate line, and each begins in the same way, “He. Notice that there is no reference to women prisoners. Would you like to hazard a guess why? Many of the liberation poets adopted a tone of serious venom as their vehicle.

Usually the prisoners were handcuffed and possibly even in leg-irons. Although it is possible to strike one’s head after slipping on a piece of soap, nevertheless xetention would be few and far between.

It is with great sadness that we have to announce that the creator of Knowledge4Africa, Dr T. Helping people through his website gave him no end of pleasure. If you had contact with him and would like to leave a message, please send us an e-mail here.

Read the left column and then answer the following questions: This is by no stretch of the imagination a difficult poem. Indeed, it is hard to see what questions could be asked in the exams. Nevertheless, here are some topics to test you. What is ln overall TONE of this short poem? Be able to explain your answer. This document is copyrighted. No part of it may be reproduced in any form whatever without explicit permission in writing from the author.

The sole exception is for educational institutions which may wish to reproduce it as a handout for their students.


Preface. Birkhoff & Mac Lane’s Algebra is a brilliant book. I should probably spend some time with it again, actually. Also, I apologize for such a. In Garrett Birkhoff and Saunders Mac Lane published A Survey of Modern Algebra. The book became a classic undergraduate text. Below we examine a. Garrett BirkhoffHarvard University Saunders Mac Lane The University of Chicago A SURVEY OF ern fourth.

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He returned to Harvard inthe year after I had given a course in modern algebra on the undergraduate level for the first time.

Although my course was well attended, I was much more research-oriented than teaching-oriented. Mac Lane had had much more teaching experience than I, and I think the popularity of our book owes more to him than to me.

His problems and his organization of linear algebra were especially timely. Our collaboration involved some compromises. When I taught “modern algebra” in “Math 6” the first time, inI began with sets and ended with groups. The next year Mac Lane put group theory first, and set theory Boolean algebra last!

That was characteristic of his freshness, his initiative, and biekhoff lack of respect for conformity; but it maclanr as a slight shock to me at the time. After teaching the course again the next year, I suggested that albebra co-author a book, usable by our colleagues, so that we wouldn’t have to alternate teaching it forever, and he agreed.

One of us would draft a chapter and the other would revise it. The longer chapters apgebra his; the shorter ones mine.

I had taught algebra courses at Harvard when I was an instructor, and at Cornell I taught algebra out of the book by Bocher; at Chicago, out of a book, ‘Modern Higher Algebra’ by Albert; and at Harvard again out of my own notes. I had taught out of most of the extant books. I knew how it should be done and so did Garrett. He had been doing the same thing. We got together and, inwe published ‘A Survey of Modern Algebra’. It was the standard textbook for undergraduate courses in modern algebra.

Of course, the book came partly from England through Garrett, who had been influenced by Philip Hall when he worked with him at Cambridge England. We had the good fortune to write a book on the subject at the right time. The most striking characteristic of modern algebra is the deduction of the theoretical properties of such formal systems as groups, rings, fields, and algwbra spaces.

In writing the present text we have endeavoured to set forth this formal or “abstract” approach, but we have been guided by a much broader interpretation of the significance of modern algebra. Much of this significance, it seems to us, lies in the imaginative appeal of the subject.

Accordingly, we have tried throughout to express the conceptual background of the various definitions used. We have done this by illustrating each new term by as many familiar examples as possible. This seems especially important in an elementary text because it serves to emphasize the fact that the abstract concepts all arise from the analysis of concrete situations.

To develop the student’s power to think for himself in terms of the new concepts, we have included a wide variety of exercises on each topic. Some of these exercises are computational, some explore further examples of the new concepts, and others give additional theoretical developments. Exercises of the latter type serve the important function of familiarizing the student with the construction of a formal proof. The selection of exercises is sufficient to allow an instructor to adapt the text to students of quite varied degrees of maturity, of undergraduate or first year graduate level.

Modern algebra also enables one to reinterpret the results of classical algebra, giving them far greater unity and generality. Therefore, instead of omitting these results, we have attempted to incorporate them systematically within the framework of the ideas of modern algebra.

Algebra – Saunders Mac Lane, Garrett Birkhoff – Google Books

We have also tried not to lose sight of the fact that, for many students, the value of algebra lies in its applications to other fields: This has influenced us in our emphasis on the real and complex fields, on groups of transformations as contrasted with abstract groups, on symmetric matrices and reduction to diagonal form, on the classification of quadratic forms under the orthogonal and Euclidean groups, and finally, in the inclusion of Boolean algebra, lattice theory, and transfinite numbers, all of which are important in mathematical logic and in the modern theory of real functions.

In this book Professors Birkhoff and Mac Lane have made an important contribution to the pedagogy of algebra. Their emphasis is on the methods and spirit of modern algebra rather than on the subject matter for itself. The word “survey” in the title is quite accurate; for, although many topics are treated, none of them is really completely developed.

The most important parts of each theory are included and that is all that can be asked of an introductory textbook. Because of the authors’ emphasis on “method” rather than “fact” the book will not be of much use as a reference work.

But there is no dearth of good reference works in algebra, and in the reviewer’s opinion the present textbook will prove more useful than another encyclopedic treatise would have been.

The authors express the belief that “for many students, the value of algebra lies in its applications to other fields: This is a text on modern algebra that is particularly suited for a first year graduate course or for an advanced undergraduate course. A very striking feature of the book is its broad point of view.

There are contacts with many branches of mathematics and so it can serve as an introduction to nearly the whole of modern mathematics. Thus there is a careful development of real numbers, such as Dedekind cuts, and such set-theoretic concepts as order, countability and cardinal number are discussed.

Throughout the study of matrices and quadratic forms the geometric point of view is emphasized. There is also contact with the field of mathematical logic in the chapter on the algebra of classes and with the ideas of topology in the proof of the fundamental theorem of algebra. This exposition of the elements of modern algebra has been planned with great skill, and the plan has been carried through very successfully.

It is a unified and comprehensive introduction to modern algebra. The classical algebra is nicely embedded in this structure, as are also applications to other fields of thought. This book is distinguished by its procedure from the concrete to the abstract. Familiar examples are carefully presented to illustrate each new term or idea which is introduced.

Then the abstract definition appears simple, and the theoretical properties which are deduced from the definition exhibit the power of the concept. This book is distinguished also by the great clarity with which all details have been presented.

The rejuvenation of algebra by the systematic use of the postulational method and the ideas and point of view of abstract group theory has been one of the crowning achievements of twentieth century mathematics. Although many of the basic results stem back to Kronecker, Dedekind and Steinitz, the present-day subject is largely the creation of the great woman mathematician, Emmy Noether.

Although two or three books on the new algebra have already appeared in English, the present volume appears to the reviewer to be the best all-round introduction to the subject, unique in its clarity, balance, generality and inclusiveness.

The size and plan of the book preclude a comprehensive treatment of any one topic; in compensation, the authors are able to say something about nearly every important topic, and they usually succeed in saying the really important things. In addition the book is enlivened by striking applications of modern algebra to other branches of science and made eminently teachable by the inclusion of numerous excellent problems and exercises.

We hope that the present book will prove an adequate reference for those wishing to apply the basic concepts of modern algebra to other branches of mathematics, physics, and statistics. We also hope it will give a solid introduction to this fascinating and rapidly growing subject, to those students interested in modern algebra for its own sake. Such students are strongly advised to do supplementary reading, or at least browsing, in the references listed at the end.

Only in this way will they be able bitkhoff appreciate the full richness of the subject. In preparing the revised edition we have added several important topics equations of stable type, dual spaces, the projective group, the Jordan and rational canonical forms for matrices, etc.

Numerous additional exercises, summarising useful formulas and facts, have been included. Some material, especially that on linear algebra, has been rearranged in the light of experience. Although some additions and rearrangements have birkhofg made for this edition, the content remains essentially the same [as the edition].

This well-known textbook has served, in the last twelve years, to introduce a great many students to the fundamental concepts of modern algebra in an extraordinarily effective way. It does this by discussing examples of mathematical systems or situations already partially familiar to the student, isolating important properties of these as postulates, and deducing some of the consequences of these postulates.

These theorems are then applied to some familiar and to some less familiar examples, thus broadening the student’s viewpoint without getting him lost in abstractions. The ratio of definitions to theorems and exercises is kept low.

Interesting historical references appear in a number of places. The authors are to be congratulated on having improved an already excellent text. Birkhfof a textbook makes possible a real leap forward in ways of learning. Inwhen the first edition of this book appeared, the curriculum in algebra was the result of a hodge-podge accumulation. A ‘Survey of Modern Algebra’ made it possible to teach an undergraduate course that reflected the richness, vigour, and unity of the subject as it is growing today.

It provided a synthesis formerly obtainable only after much more advanced work.

Moreover, it was written in a clear and enthusiastic style that conveyed to the reader an appreciation of the aesthetic character of the subject as well as its rigour and power. This reviewer can testify to its appeal to students. The revised edition differs only in minor rearrangements and additions. For the social scientist whose mathematical studies have reached through the calculus, this book can confidently be urged as the thing to study next.

While it can be used as a burkhoff, it should rather be read through carefully over a period of years – one must think in terms of years if one wishes to absorb fully the material and to do the problems.

Survey of Modern Algebra

One of the best things about this book is the balanced approach to rigour and abstractness in relation to intuitive appreciation and concrete application. The authors are quick to indicate applications and careful to motivate and illustrate abstractions. The present edition represents a refinement of an already highly useful text. The original comprehensive Survey has been reordered somewhat and augmented to the extent of approximately fifty pages.

Only the last five birkhocf remain unchanged. Instructors who have used the original edition with college classes maclahe its scope. Those desiring a text replete with possibilities for courses tailored to various kinds of students should welcome this new edition.

Preliminary Thoughts

Teachers of mathematics in secondary schools may want this book in their personal libraries. Probably the best way to appreciate the vitality and growth of mathematics birkhpff is to study modern algebra. Nowhere can teachers better catch today’s spirit of mathematics. Moreover, many of the examples in this text might help teachers to communicate this spirit to their students. For over twenty years this text has been the “classic” work in its field.

In the new third edition, the authors have modernized and improved the material in many details. Terminology and notation which has become outmoded since the Algebea Edition was published in have algegra brought up-to-date; material on Boolean algebra and lattices has been completely rewritten; an introduction to tensor products has been added; numerous problems have been replaced and many new ones added; and throughout the book are hundreds of minor revisions to keep the work in the forefront of modern algebra literature and pedagogy.

This third edition of a standard text on modern algebra is substantially the same as the revised edition [of ]. A section on bilinear forms and tensor products has been added to the chapter 7 on vector spaces, while Chapter 11, now entitled “Boolean algebras and lattices”, contains a new introduction to Boolean algebras, as well as a section on the representation of such by sets. Beyond this, occasional sections have been revised and a few problems have been added to some of the exercises.

Chapters give an introduction to the theory of linear and polynomial equations in commutative rings.

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What would you do if you lost feeling in your feet, climbing 19,’ above sea level in the Ecuadorian Andes, with only 1, to the peak? Salas decided he would do whatever it took to get Freund to the top. Salas volunteered his stomach, the only warm place within miles, for Freund to thaw his frozen toes on. The duo peaked the volcano among the other nine team members.

At the top they stood closer to the sun than any other point on the earth. The Outdoor Program left Colorado on 2064 2nd of January and landed in Quito, Ecuador, with high hopes of summiting not one, but two South American volcanoes, Cayambe, peaking at 18,’, and Chimborazo, peaking at leh.

Their dreams came true only eight days later, after successfully standing on top of the second peak. The eleven students landed in Quito, the capital of Ecuador.

They began the summit at 1: The team conquered Cayambe at 7: Chimborazo was the larger of the two volcanos, and would bring its own challenges.

They began their ascent at The entire team summited the mountain at 7: So, What Did it Take? A year and a half in the making led to a worthwhile reality.

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After careful consideration of high altitude volcanoes, accessible mountain peaks, welcoming culture, capability, and challenge, the two landed on Ecuador as the destination of choice. Cayambe and Chimborazo were picked as the perfect adventure, with accommodations such as huts to basecamp and seasoned guides to help lead the way, and challenges including the unknown terrain behind every switchback.

The logistics came together as the team began ely obtain the necessary equipment and built their vision of what the trip would become. The team began training in the fall of by climbing and hiking at high altitudes, maintaining good health, and preparing themselves mentally for the long trek ahead. Fighting the thoughts of failure was the hardest part. Nelson wasn’t surprised when the team successfully summited both volcanoes, especially with how strong each person was coming into the adventure.