ISBN Publisher. International Law Book Services (ILBS). Year of Publication. Yearly print / cover colour might change. This Act may be cited as the Bills of Exchange Act Interpretation. 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires– “acceptance” means an acceptance. 1) Bil Pertukaran Seksyen 3(1) Akta Bil Pertukaran Satu peritah bertulis tidak bersyarat,ditujukan kepada seseorang ditandatangani oleh orang yang.

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When a bill payable to order on demand is drawn on a banker, and pfrtukaran banker on whom it is drawn pays the bills in good faith and in the ordinary course of business, it is not incumbent on the banker to show that the indorsement of the payee or any subsequent indorsement was made by or under the authority of the person whose indorsement it purports to be, and the banker is deemed to have paid the bill in due course, although such indorsement has been forged or made without authority.

This Act may be cited as the Bills of Exchange Act Notice of dishonour, in order to be valid and effectual, must be given in accordance with the following rules: Such a debt or liability is deemed valuable consideration whether the bill is payable on demand or at a future time. The drawer of a bill, and any indorser, may insert therein an express stipulation– a negativing or limiting his own liability to the holder; b waiving as regards himself some or all of the holder’s duties.


Knowingly or negligently facilitating forgery The mere signature of the drawee without additional words is sufficient; b it must not express that the drawee will perform his promise by any other means than the payment of money.

Bills of Exchange 43 Bill in a Set Rules as to sets Subject to this Act, when a bill has been dishonoured by non- acceptance or by non-payment, notice of dishonour must be given to the drawer and each indorser, and any drawer or indorser to whom such notice is not given is discharged: Transferor by delivery and transferee Discharge of Bill Presentment of note for payment Reasonable time for this purpose is a question of fact: A bill may also be made payable to the holder of an office for the time being.

Liability of acceptor for honour Where the banker, on whom a crossed cheque including a cheque which under section 81A or otherwise is not transferable is drawn, in good faith and without negligence pays it, if crossed generally, to a banker, and if crossed specially, to the banker to whom it is crossed, or his agent for collection, being a banker, the banker paying the cheque, and if the cheque has come into the hands of the payee, the drawer, shall pertukarna be entitled to the same rights and be placed in the same position as if payment of the cheque has been made to the true owner thereof.


Suit on lost bill Bill in a Set Protection of akat paying unindorsed or irregularly indorsed cheques, etc. Laws of Malaysia ACT 2 Where the banker on whom a cheque is drawn which is so crossed nevertheless pays the same, or pays a cheque crossed generally otherwise than to a banker, or if crossed specially otherwise than to bl banker to whom it is crossed, or his agent for collection being a banker, he is liable to the true owner of the cheque for any loss he may sustain owing to the cheque having been so paid: Person signing as agent or in representative pretukaran When presentment for acceptance is necessary xkta No person is liable as drawer, indorser, or acceptor of a bill who has not signed it as such: Delivery Capacity and Authority of Bbil Indorsement in blank and special indorsement Where a bill is not payable on demand the day on which it falls due is determined as follows: Where a bill is negotiated back to the drawer, or to a prior indorser or to the acceptor, such party may, subject to this Act, reissue and further negotiate pertukarqn bill, but he is not entitled to enforce payment of the bill against any intervening party to whom he was previously liable.

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The provisions of this Act as to crossed cheques shall apply to a warrant for payment of dividend and to a banker’s draft. Presumption of value and good faith Negotiation of Bills Alteration of bill Liabilities of Parties Funds in hands of drawee Provided that where a bill has been materially altered, but the alteration is not apparent, and the bill is in the hands of a holder in due course, such holder may avail himself of the bill as if it had not been altered, and may enforce payment of it according to its original tenor.

Bills of Exchange 11 2 An instrument which does not comply with these conditions, or which orders any act to be done in addition to the payment of money, is not a bill of exchange.

Notice of dishonour and effect of non-notice Revocation of banker’s authority If he gives notice to his principal, he must do so within the same time as if he were the holder, and the pertu,aran upon ibl of such notice has himself the same pertukagan for giving notice as if the agent had been an independent holder; n where a party to a bill receives due notice of dishonour he has, after the receipt of such notice, the same period of time for giving notice to antecedent parties that the holder has after the dishonour; o where a notice of dishonour is duly addressed and posted, the sender is deemed to have given due notice of dishonour notwithstanding any miscarriage ata the post office.


Rules as to sets Conflict of Laws Any other note is a foreign note. Subject to the provisions of this Act, where a signature on a bill is forged or placed thereon prtukaran the authority of the person whose signature it purports to be, the forged or unauthorized signature is wholly inoperative, and no right to retain the bill or to give a discharge therefor or to enforce payment thereof against any party thereto can be acquired through or under that signature, unless the party against whom it is sought to retain or enforce payment of the bill is precluded from setting up the forgery or want of authority: When the cause of delay ceases to operate the notice must be given with reasonable diligence.

Rules as to presentment for acceptance and excuses for non-presentment Negotiation of bill to party already liable thereon Provided that where an acceptance is written on a bill, and the drawee gives notice wkta or according to the directions of the person entitled to the bill that he has accepted it, the acceptance then becomes complete and irrevocable.

Address to drawee 7. Bills of Exchange 35 9 Protest is dispensed with by any circumstance which would dispense with notice of dishonour. Express waiver or renunciation A banker who gives value for, or has a lien on, a cheque payable to order which the holder delivers to him for collection without indorsing it, has such if any rights as he would have had if, upon delivery, the holder had indorsed it in blank.

A promissory note is inchoate and incomplete until delivery thereof to the payee or bearer. Rights of bankers collecting cheques not indorsed by holders Time for presenting bill payable after sight Definition and requisites of acceptance But if the bill be in the hands of a holder in due course, a valid delivery of the bill by all parties prior to him so as to make them liable to him is conclusively presumed.

Akta Bil Pertukaran 1949 (Disemak – 1978)

What is an unreasonable length of time for this purpose is a question of fact. General Duties of the Holder When presentment for acceptance is necessary prtukaran Measure of damages against parties to dishonoured bill The provisions of this subsection do not apply to a partial acceptance, whereof due notice has been given.

Promissory note defined But nothing in this section shall be construed as oertukaran the bill or note of a corporation to be under seal.