Definisi pap smear • Pap Test adalah pemeriksaan sitologik epitel porsio dan endoserviks uteri untuk penentuan adanya perubahan praganas maupun ganas di. Is obtaining sample of exfoliated cell (dead cells that are shed) @ simple test to look at cervical cells The specimen should be obtained 2. determinants of Pap smear utilization for cervical cancer early detection in women of reproductive age using path analysis model. Subjects and Method: This.

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Surgical lobectomy or smesr thyroidectomy. Jombang Taraxacum officinale Jure N. If the test showed the same results it is advisable to undergo colposcopy Sofyan, Keputusan akan diperolehi selepas beberapa minggu melakukan ujian kerana pihak makmal harus memeriksa dengan teliti. Extermination of both oncogenes are considered to be applied in the treatment of cervical cancer molecular Yamato et al.

Cervical Cancer

Treatment will depend on the results of colposcopy Yohanes, Statistical data reported that the risk of cervical cancer would be higher if women smoke.

Adnexa Ovaries Follicles corpus hemorrhagicum luteum albicans Theca of follicle externa interna Follicular antrum Follicular fluid Corona radiata Zona pellucida Membrana granulosa Perivitelline space.

It may be found incidentally defiinsi a vaginal examination or pap smear test is done. Starting sexual activity at a refinisi young age 4. The folds on the two walls are not exactly opposed, but fit between one another so as to close the cervical canal. This cancer usually occurs in women who have aged, but the statistical evidence shows that cervical cancer can also attack women aged between 20 to 30 years Anonim, Size cancer cell invasion: Endocervical adenocarcinoma, like cervical cancer squamous cell carcinomaoften arises in definiwi milieu of human papilloma virus infection.


Stimulates the expression of exogenous hTERT gene human telomerase reverse transcriptase which encodes the catalytic subunit of telomerase Horner et al.

Bethesda system – Wikipedia

Remaja Dengan Hidup Sihat August 2, Nevertheless, in the region of Western Australia, there were 85 women diagnosed positive for cervical cancer definsi year.

This test was first discovered by Dr. If the abnormal area was localizeddoctor will take samples of the tissue a biopsy to be sent to a lab for a detailed examination and accurate. In some cases these lesions can lead definosi invasive cervical cancerif not followed appropriately.

The thing to always remember is never too late to do a Pap smear test. Pap smear test is always required even though no longer a sexual activity Anonim, b. If it becomes troublesome to the patient, it can be treated by discontinuing oral contraceptives, cryotherapy treatment, or by using ablation treatment under local anaesthetic.

The cervical canal is the spindle-shaped, flattened canal of the cervixthe neck of the uterus.

Cervical cells are abnormal cells that are not cancerous but can develop into cancer called cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia CIN. This tool is used to open and hold the vaginal walls to remain openallowing independent view and cervix seen clearly. Views Read Edit View history.

Through this aperture, the cervical cavity communicates with that of the vagina. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Cervical ectropion – Wikipedia

The cells on the ‘outside’ of the cervix are called squamous epithelial cells. Pap smear test is a test that is safefast and inexpensive and has been used for years to detect abnormalities that occur in the cells of the cervix.

This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat The internal orifice of the uterus is an interior narrowing of the uterine cavity. HPV vaccines Cervarix Gardasil. Crus of clitoris Corpus cavernosum Clitoral glans Hood. There are no clear parameters. The invasive potential of carcinoma in situ of the cervix.


As a resultin a condition without a repressorE6 and E7 proteins are expressed in high amounts so that causing tumor suppressor protein, namely p53 and pRb inactive and stimulating the growth Hwang et al.

The cells of the cervix and then collected by wiping the cervix with an instrument called a spatulaa tool resembling a handle on ice creamand smears is applied to the object-glassand then sent to a pathology lab for a more thorough examination Dolinsky, Crus of clitoris Corpus cavernosum Clitoral glans Hood. As most endometrial cancers are adenocarcinomas, differentiation of endocervical adenocarcinoma and endometrial adenocarcinomas is required, as the treatment differs.

Based on research Sjamsuddinconcluded that there are 3 groups of HPV types in relation to cervical cancer, namely: Occurs cancer growth carcinoma in the epithelial tissue of the cervix. In a lying supine conditionan instrument called a speculum will be smewr into a hole intercourse.

Usually no treatment is pal for clinically asymptomatic cervical ectropions. According to cancer experts, cervical cancer is one type of cancer the most preventable and cured of all cancer cases.

Pap smear test defijisi a method of examination of cells taken from the cervix and then examined under a microscope to see the changes that occur from the cells. The majority of cervical cancer cells have p53 and pRb genes in the form of wild-type. For people who have not menstruating, a Pap smear test can be done anytime. In the next stadium, the therapy with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or chemo-radiotherapy.